‘Energy Emergency Plan’: Haq takes WAPDA to task, reveals roadmap to power prosperity Hydel Development Fund (HDF)
Around Rs2 billion would also be spent from the Hydel Development Fund (HDF) for the completion of around 28 hydel power plant (HPP) projects,PESHAWAR:
Energy Emergency Plan Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) government budget 2013-14
In its efforts to address the burgeoning power crisis in the province, the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) government has come up with what it calls an ‘Energy Emergency Plan’ in the budget for 2013-14. While these steps may not bring in the desired results immediately as the projects will take considerable time to be completed, the government believes its initiatives will eventually mitigate the people’s sufferings.
The larger part of Finance Minister Sirajul Haq’s musings on the energy crisis was consumed by criticism of the Water and Power Development Authority (Wapda) for failing to honour its constitutional obligation of paying net hydel profits (NHP) to the province.
While speaking on the floor of the house, Haq said under Article 161(2) of the Constitution, NHP is the right of K-P, but is violated. “The net hydel profit is capped at Rs6 billion since 1991-92 and was not increased even after the Arbitration Tribunal’s decision into the matter and despite the fact that power tariff has been increased manifold,” he complained.
“Even the Rs6 billion has not been paid according to More >
Over Rs300b Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa KPK budget 2013-2014 earmarked for education, health, security and energy sectors
PESHAWAR – Amid tight security arrangements, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government will present over Rs 300 billion budget today (Monday) for the fiscal year 2013-2014.
A handsome allocation would be earmarked for education, health, security and energy sectors. KPK Finance Minister Sirajul Haq will present the budget at the provincial assembly at 4.00pm. It has been learnt that in the next budget it has been proposed to minimise expenditures of Chief Minister House and Speaker House. Like the federal government 10 per cent increase in salaries of government employees has also been proposed. Moreover, PTI government which has claimed time and again to bring drastic changes in education and health sectors has earmarked a huge among for these sectors. Keeping in view security and energy crisis, it has also been learnt that a handsome amount would also go to security and energy sectors respectively. The PTI-led government has also decided to continue people-friendly projects which have been launched by ANP government, for which, a huge amount would also be set aside. Sources said that it would be tax-free budget and maximum relief would be given to the people of the province. Prior to unveil the budget for the year 2013-2014, Chief Minister Pervez Khattak More >
Rs 12 billion for Thar energy project infrastructure proposed building during financial year 2012-13
The Sindh government carries its former power projects in the provincial budget 2013-14, proposing Rs 12 billion to develop infrastructure to spur the Thar energy project. The government had allocated Rs 10.1 billion for Thar coal infrastructure building during financial year 2012-13. The Sindh government plans to continue its infrastructure development projects, including roads, water supply, wastewater disposal, Thar airport and reverse osmosis plants for the Thar region at a total cost of Rs 32 billion.
Giving a budget speech during the Sindh Assembly session, Chief Minister Sindh, Syed Qaim Ali Shah, who has also the portfolio of Finance Minister, hoped the energy projects will help trigger economic prosperity. Speaker Sindh Assembly, Aga Siraj Khan Durrani chaired the budget session as the MQM lawmakers remained absent during the announcement of provincial plan.
“Thar coal can meet all our energy needs and can provide a platform for sustainable growth,” he believed, saying development of Thar coal fields is aimed to provide energy security by curtailing reliance on imported fuels. “At present, three major projects of 2400MW capacity are underway and targeted to be completed by 2017-18,” he said. He pointed out a “major” breakthrough in wind-power projects in the current financial year, saying the M/s Fauji fertiliser and More >
LAHORE.: For Industries, Commerce, investments sector, Punjab Government in provincial Budget 2013-14 has allocated Rs3.202 billion. The allocation is 1.14 percent of the total development budget of Rs 290 billion, however comparing to previous year allocation of Rs350 million, the allocation increased 815 percent for the sector this year. For energy sector, allocations for the fiscal are 20.431 billions, up 104 percent to previous year’s allocations of Rs 10 billion.
For tackling energy crisis, Punjab government previous year started 5 schemes, for which government in this fiscal has allocated Rs 4.555 billion as ongoing schemes. Rs 15.875 billion have been allocated for 4 new energy projects which will be kick off this year. Major energy project includes creation of energy development fund with Rs 8 billion, construction of 120Mw Taunsa Barrage at Kotaddu through private sector with initial allocations of Rs 75 million. For subsidy on solar tube wells, government has allocated Rs 7.5 billion for fiscal 2013-14.
The targets set by Punjab government in energy sector for fiscal 2013-14 under renewable energy development sector investment program includes construction of hydropower stations at Marala (7.64), Pakpattan (2.82MW), Deg outfall (4.04MW), Chianwali (5.38MW) and Okara (4.16MW). Second target is the feasibility of establishing dedicated More >
Allocation of funds for energy projects registered 100 percent increase in Punjab’s annual budget for fiscal year 2013-14 to Rs 20.43 billion against Rs 10 billion during 2012-13. According to the budget documents, the Punjab government has actively embarked upon implementation of the ADB-assisted Renewable Energy Development Sector Investment Programme (REDSIP) for construction of five hydropower projects at Marala (Sialkot), Chianwali (Gujranwala), Deg Out Fall (Sheikhupura), Pakpattan (Pakpattan), Okara (Okara) with cumulative installed potential of 25MW and annual generation of 140GWh.
Out of these execution contracts under International Contract Bidding (ICB) for Marala (7.64MW), Pakpattan (2.82MW), Dag Outfall (4.04MW), and Chianwali (5.38MW) have been awarded and the contracting joint ventures have started detailed designing to undertake these turnkey projects.
Further, feasibility appraisals are completed for development of five additional hydropower sites at barrages and canal systems (Khanki and Qadirabad barrages and LCC, UCC and QB Link Canals) to have total installed capacity of 55MW with annual energy generation.
Under a separate initiative, a detailed technical feasibility study has also been planned to harness 120MW generation potential at the Tunsa barrage through private sector. It may be noted that Punjab consumes 68 percent of the total electricity generated in the country and is coping with severe energy shortfalls that More >
introduction of latest technological techniques and equipment was of major focus in the display of the 11th international exhibition for the energy industry – POGEE 2013, which was inaugurated on Thursday at Expo Centre, Lahore. New and innovative equipment like solar panels, solar pumps, solar lamps, transformer protection, transformer fittings, oil field equipment and other related products from China, Japan, Russia, France, Italy and Switzerland have been presented at the show.
Pegasus is one of the leading events organising company of Pakistan and it is an honour for them to consecutively hold 10 successful editions of POGEE. Eleventh edition of POGEE exhibition has been organised in Lahore first time and has gained a good number of visitors. Officials from Lahore, federal cabinet, diplomats, industry professionals, sector chiefs, decision/policy makers and other public and private sector officials visited the exhibition and appreciated the efforts of organisers as well as exhibitors and visitors for producing a conducive networking environment. The exhibition has gathered more than 230 local and international companies from 33 countries. A large number of professional visitors witnessed the technologies and products at display.-PR
Biomass is plant material or animal waste. Examples include trees, corn, grass, and manure. The gases collected from the decomposition of these materials may also be used, such as landfill gas.Applications
Biomass contains energy that can be used in a variety of different ways. Simply burning biomass can produce heat. It can be converted to transportation fuels. Ethanol is an example. Electricity can be produced from biomass when it is burned or gases are collected from it. Many items once created with petroleum, such as plastics, can now be produced with biomass. Research is continuing to find new ways to use biomass.Environmental
Whether burned or converted to gas, biomass does generate air pollution. Emissions vary by fuel and technology. These emissions can include NOx, CO, CO2, and particulates. Biomass power can have environmental benefits when it diverts waste from landfills or when gas from landfills is used. This gas, called methane, would otherwise be released into the environment. The collection and processing of biomass may contribute to environmental problems if it contains toxic contaminants or results in greater chemical use. If a source such as switchgrass is used, it can help the environment by reducing erosion and nitrogen runoff. The More >
Geothermal energy is heat in the ground. Volcanoes and geysers are two visible examples of this energy at the earth’s surface. Although there may not be a visual indication of geothermal energy elsewhere on the planet, it is accessible in the ground. In these areas, geothermal can be used, with a system known as ground source heat pumps.Applications
Geothermal energy can be used in several different ways. At its most basic, heated water from springs can be employed for cooking or warmth. In areas of high geothermal energy, such as the west coast of the United States, steam from the hot water can turn turbines to create electricity. Although Pennsylvania does not have great geothermal energy to produce electricity, we can still utilize the source with geothermal heat pumps. Underground, the temperature remains around 57 degrees throughout the year. A system of tubes pumps the energy above ground for use, providing warmth in the winter and cooling in the summer. Wells are dug and pipes buried in the ground. Fluid is circulated through the system. In winter it absorbs heat from the earth and warms the building. In summer it takes heat from the building and moves it to the earth.Environmental More >
Hydro energy is created from the movement of water. Water is constantly moving around the earth in what is known as the water cycle. This involves the evaporation of water out of the ocean, forming clouds, and then falling to the ground as precipitation. This water may collect in lakes or rivers and may eventually reach an ocean before being evaporated to begin the cycle again.History
Hydropower has been used by people for thousands of years. Projects to provide lighting from the power of water began in the 1880s. Since then, a number of large scale projects have developed across the country, with the west coasts states producing the most energy from hydropower.Applications
Water can be used to produce electricity. A common way to harness this power is to dam a river or lake. At a dam, water is pulled downwards by gravity and past a turbine, which is spun in the process. The turbine generates electricity. Hydro can also be used on a small scale, even under 5 kw.Environmental
Water, unlike fossil fuels, does not produce pollution when generating power. Damming a river will cause the water level to rise behind it, creating recreational opportunities with the water. At More >
Solar. This form of energy relies on the nuclear fusion power from the core of the Sun. This energy can be collected and converted in a few different ways. The range is from solar water heating with solar collectors or attic cooling with solar attic fans for domestic use to the complex technologies of direct conversion of sunlight to electrical energy using mirrors and boilers or photovoltaic cells. Unfortunately these are currently insufficient to fully power our modern society.History
Solar energy has been used for thousands of years. At first, the sunlight was used to burn things to create fire. Later on, people learned to build their homes facing south, to maximize the amount of sunlight reaching them. In the 20th century, photovoltaic cells were developed and used to generate electricity from the sun. PV panels became an important part of space travel, powering satellites in space. Today the technology continues to develop.
Solar energy is the rays of light that reach the earth from the sun. The rays also can turn into heat.Applications
Solar energy can be used to produce heat or electricity. Heat (or thermal) energy can collect passively. Passive solar design lets houses collect solar heat in winter through More >
Wind Power. The movement of the atmosphere is driven by differences of temperature at the Earth’s surface due to varying temperatures of the Earth’s surface when lit by sunlight. Wind energy can be used to pump water or generate electricity, but requires extensive areal coverage to produce significant amounts of energy.History
Wind has been used by humans for centuries. It allowed people to sail the oceans and explore the world. We used windmills to grind grain. In the late 1800s, millions of windmills could be found in the United States pumping water. Commercial wind farms have developed over the past fifty years and can now produce large amounts of power.
Wind is the movement of air. It is created by sunlight shining on the earth. The light does not reach the planet evenly (such as part of the planet being dark at night), which causes differences between warmer air and cooler air and forms wind. Shorelines and the tops of mountains are two good areas to find this resource.Applications
Wind is kinetic energy that can be used to do work. Humans can collect wind energy by using windmills and wind turbines. When the blades of a windmill turn, the device converts the More >
‘Ocean energy’ is a term used to describe all forms of renewable energy derived from the sea.
There are two broad types of ocean energy: mechanical energy from the tides and waves, and thermal energy from the sun’s heat.
Ocean energy is classified as:
- wave energy—generated by converting the energy of ocean waves (swells) into other forms of energy (currently only electricity). There are many different technologies that are being developed and trialled to convert the energy in waves into electricity.
- tidal energy—generated from tidal movements. Tides contain both potential energy, related to the vertical fluctuations in sea level, and kinetic energy, related to the horizontal motion of the water. It can be harnessed using technologies using energy from the rise and fall of the tides or by technologies using energy from tidal or marine currents).
- ocean thermal energy—generated by converting the temperature difference between surface water and water at depth into useful energy. Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) plants may have a range of applications for world, including electricity generation. They may be land-based, floating or grazing.
Ocean energy technologies are still at an early stage of development, with deployments limited to More >
Renewable energy refers to sources of energy that can be replenished in a short period of time. Some renewable sources are essentially infinite such as solar, wind and hydro power. Biomass and geothermal power can also be replenished, when properly managed. Renewable energy can be used as transportation fuels, to produce electricity, and for heating. Clean, renewable energy is not new, but a collection of economic, environmental and technological changes are leading to new and rapid development in the way these resources are used.What is renewable energy?
Renewable energy is energy which can be obtained from natural resources that can be constantly replenished.
Renewable energy technologies include technologies that use—or enable the use of—one or more renewable energy sources. Types of renewable energy technologies include:
- geothermal energy
- ocean energy
- solar energy
- wind energy.
Most renewable energy comes either directly or indirectly from the sun. Sunlight, or solar energy, can be used directly for heating and lighting homes and other buildings, for generating electricity, and for hot water heating, solar cooling, and a variety of commercial and industrial uses.
The sun’s heat also drives the winds, whose energy, is captured with wind turbines. Then, the winds and the sun’s heat cause water to evaporate. When this water vapor More >